Many scientific fiction writers and people working in the space industry predict that people will colonize Mars. In this issue we will describe how this is possible and what will happen to the human body during such a long journey.
Ilon Musk, who was the founder of SpaceX last year at the International Astronautics Congress, announced plans to colonize Mars using a whole fleet of giant missiles. On July 3, 2017, SpaceX issued an official press release about the re-return of a reusable space truck to the surface of the Earth after a successful mission to transport several tons of cargo to the International Space Station. In the future, such technologies will allow the creation of ships that will fly to Mars and back, carrying hundreds of people, but what can happen to them next will be discussed in the next part of the release.
Cosmos is an extremely radioactive place where so-called cosmic rays, containing enormously high energies, are dangerous to humans. According to research, during a trip to Mars, a person can receive a dose of radiation equal to 66 hundredth of a Sievert, which borders on the maximum values for human life. Moreover, a recent study by the University of California revealed that charged cosmic particles cause dementia and serious disruption of all processes occurring in the brain.
The latest data from scientists prove that a long flight to Mars will cause damage to the central nervous system, prolonged depression and severe memory impairment. In addition, the result of such effects on the body, can affect health throughout life, even after landing on Mars. Also, it is worth noting the possible appearance of the symptoms of Urbach’s disease – Vita, in the form of a complete loss of the feeling of fear, which, of course, will not allow a person to exist normally in the Red Planet. If we talk about modern spacecraft, then at the moment there are no full-fledged systems of protection against cosmic rays, which means that the colonization of Mars is still fiction.
In conclusion, we would like to note that the astronauts who are on the ISS are practically not affected by cosmic rays, since located inside the Earth’s magnetosphere. But if you recall the US lunar program, which was investigated in 2016 by physicians from Scientific Reports, it becomes clear that even those people who participated in it and did not fly to Mars dramatically increased their chances of serious problems with the cardiovascular system.