Sleep is an integral part of human life, the absence of which leads to problems with physical and psychological health. In this issue, we will talk about how your chronotype (owl or lark) is related to disease and longevity.
On January 17, 2018, a study was published in the pages of the medical journal International Chronobiology, which is devoted to the study of the effects of sleep on humans, in which more than 400 thousand people took part. The task of scientists was to discover the connection between health and what time we go to bed and wake up. Unfortunately, the findings of this study do not promise anything good to owls, to those people who are used to go to bed late and no less late to wake up.
Based on the medical indicators of people who gathered for 6.5 years of the experiment, those who preferred nocturnal lifestyle more often suffered from colds, had problems with neurology and diabetes, as well as various psychological disorders. Moreover, during the aforementioned time, about 10 thousand of the studied people died, and thanks to this fact, it is possible to speak of a higher mortality among owls rather than among the larks, who preferred activity in the morning.
Despite the fact that your chronotype is mainly determined by hereditary factors, you can move your waking hours to more healthy ones, thereby avoiding problems with your well-being. The ideal ratio would be awakening before 8 am and early going to sleep no later than 10 pm. By the way, in order to better understand what type you are, we recommend passing the Horn-Ostberg test – http://www.psi-test.ru/person/sova.html.
In conclusion, we would like to emphasize that the authors of the study say that in most cases the difference between “owls” and “larks” lies in the frequency of psychological deviations. For those who prefer nightlife, they are twice as common, including when switching from summer to winter. Also, it is important to note a significant difference in the number of cardiovascular diseases and oncology, not in favor of “owls.” That is why we recommend that you try to “shift” your chronotype to “larks” and also make your day regimen permanent and measured.