The absolute majority of people on our planet suffer from tooth decay. In this issue we will talk about the reasons for its occurrence, and why this dental disease has become so widespread.
Since childhood, many of us know the truth that it is from sweet food that teeth deteriorate, and yes, it is because of it that caries occurs. A few tens of thousands of years ago, the bacterium bearing the Latin name Streptococcus mutans migrated from the stomach into our mouth. At this point, the problems started. The fact is that earlier sugar was quite expensive for most of the inhabitants of the planet, and now it is widely available, which is just in hand with these bacteria. When a piece of something sweet comes into your mouth, they process it, leaving behind a large amount of acids. Their action is automatically neutralized by calcium, from which the tooth enamel consists. As a result of prolonged influence, it begins to collapse, and the dentin behind it slowly dies, threatening tooth loss.
However, there are ways to reduce the likelihood of caries. For example, you can reduce your sugar intake and switch to its substitutes, such as sorbitol or xylitol, whose safety for health has been confirmed by decades of research. Of course, sugar is found in almost all products that we eat – it is not only chocolate, but also bread, various canned foods, chips, sauces, sausages and many other ordinary foods. That is why proper dental hygiene in the form of cleaning or at least chewing gum will help reduce the acidity and thereby reduce the chances of getting caries.
The development of science in terms of creating a vaccine against caries does not stand still. A number of different studies have been carried out from the 70s of the last century. Antibodies, replacement therapy and even DNA vaccines against caries will be available in the next decade, only this is unlikely to completely relieve humanity from the disease. The fact is that they will destroy Streptococcus mutans, but other bacteria can easily retrain and also begin to destroy our teeth.
In conclusion, we would like to emphasize that at the moment more than a third of the population of our planet suffer from caries, and 93% of the population will sooner or later collide with it. To avoid this, it is enough to brush your teeth with a paste with a small amount of fluoride, to carry out professional cleaning at the dentist, and, of course, to consume less sugar, which is not only the cause of caries, but also obesity around the world.