As of April 20, 2018, more than 4,000 tick bites have been registered in Russia, which have begun to wake up with the arrival of the above-zero temperatures. In this issue we will tell you how dangerous these animals are and how to avoid health problems after meeting them.
Many do not know, but ticks feed on plant food and only in some cases they need the blood of mammals, including humans. However, most of them are not carriers of diseases, although they can cause severe skin irritation. They do not know how to jump and fly, because they are found only in the grass, from where they attack a person or an animal. It will be important to note that their saliva contains special painkillers, which means that it is almost impossible to detect a tick during a bite.
After you have been bitten by a tick, an arbovirus, including viral encephalitis, infects your body in the first minutes of its entry into the blood. To speed up this process, the mites choose those places for the bite, where the capillaries are closely located. Do not forget about animals, which not only can become victims of ticks, but also serve as vehicles for further human damage. It is worth noting raw milk, not only cows, but goats, sheep and buffaloes. In those periods when ticks are especially abundant, the encephalitis virus can be in your circle, or even in such products as cottage cheese and sour cream, provided there is no boiling.
If we talk about the diseases that these arthropods suffer, their list is quite extensive. In addition to tick-borne encephalitis, it is borreliosis, Lyme disease, monocytic ehrlichiosis, and so on. They affect the nervous system, brain and affect the state of many human organs. That is why, after a tick bite, you should immediately consult a doctor and not self-medicate. Otherwise, you can simply die.
To protect yourself when traveling to nature, you should not only wear long pants and T-shirts that cover your hands, but also apply special insect repellents, as well as wear collars that scare ticks on your animals. If you are often in nature, we also recommend that you be vaccinated against tick-borne encephalitis, which must be repeated every three years.
In conclusion, if you are bitten by a tick, do not panic and smear the bite with oil, because thus you will fill in the breathing holes of the animal, and it can inject even more harmful substances into your body. Also, do not try to tear it off with your hands or apply coloring antiseptics. The best option would be to contact the nearest emergency room. If it is far away, special tools for removing ticks sold in a pharmacy can be used as emergency measures.