Tuberculosis, as an infectious fatal disease, claims millions of lives each year globally. In this issue we will explain what it is and how to avoid this terrible disease.
According to statistics from the World Health Organization, tuberculosis is one of the 10 deadliest diseases on our planet. In 2017 alone, more than 10 million people were infected, of whom about one and a half million died from complications. At the same time, 49 million lives were saved over the last fifteen years, thanks to the efforts of doctors and the ongoing struggle with this disease. That is why, despite the high mortality rates, it’s important to emphasize that the protection from tuberculosis exists and it can be completely cured with early diagnosis.
The bacteria of the same name, which are the causative agent of the disease, can be spread through airborne contact and, according to statistics, an infected person can infect at least 10 people during a year. That’s why to end this epidemic by 2030 remains one of WHO’s priority objectives. Otherwise, without proper treatment 45% of infected people are in danger of dying. And the number of deaths reaches 100% if we talk about those who have problems with the immune system, such as HIV-infected people.
Many people don’t know that they are carriers of the so-called latent tuberculosis. And there are really a lot of such people. According to the World Health Organization, this is almost a quarter of the world population. At the same time, the carriers of this form of bacteria are not infectious and cannot spread it to others. Moreover, they themselves can get sick only in about 5% of cases due to decreased immune function, which is the only thing that prevents the tuberculosis germs from waking up.
In conclusion, we would like to underline that tuberculosis produces significant symptoms. This is not only a coughing up blood from the diseased lungs, but also sudden body temperature jumps, pain in the chest and severe weight loss. When considering the diagnosis of tuberculosis, you will need to receive a six-month course of antimicrobial therapy, which in most cases completely cures the patient. It’s also important to emphasize that treatment for tuberculosis in Russia is fully funded by the state.